Liposuction is seen as a quick way to lose some fat. However, a new study has found that liposuction is less effective over time than previously thought. It seems that within about 12 months, the fat returns, but to a different part of the body from where it was removed (abdomen, buttocks, hips). It usually reappears in the stomach and arms. Researchers by the University of Colorado, used a random sample of dozens of women aged 30-40 years who had liposuction to conduct this study, which was published in the journal Obesity.
The researchers through a series of exhaustive body measurements on these women came to the rather unexpected conclusion that eventually the body finds ways to defend the fat that was taken away from it and retrieve it through the backdoor.
On average, it was found that women had lost 2.1% of their total body fat six weeks after liposuction, but after a year this reduction had virtually disappeared. Although the legs of these women remained thinner one year after surgery, their fat had increased in the stomach, arms and shoulders.
However, research showed that these women continued to feel satisfied with the results, mainly because they had managed to get rid of fat from specific problematic areas, particularly from the hips and thighs.
Liposuction is a relatively simple procedure in which a tube is inserted under the skin and sucks the fat like a vacuum cleaner. But according to this study, the body has its own defense mechanisms against this type of intervention and constantly monitors the number of available fat cells. If these cells suddenly disappear, others cells are created to replace them somewhere else in the body. Liposuction usually destroys the ability of the fat cells to reappear under the skin at the particular areas of the body from where they were removed, but the body still retains the ability to give birth to new fat cells elsewhere.
So, the conclusion is that liposuction does offer permanent results as far as the specific areas of the body are concerned, but it doesn’t seem to be an effective long-term strategy to reduce your total body fat percentage.